Understanding the Legal Process of Buying Property in Turkey

Purchasing property in Turkey can be an exciting and rewarding experience, but it also comes with its fair share of legal processes that must be navigated. With the right knowledge and guidance, you can ensure a smooth and successful transaction. In this article, we will walk you through the legal process of buying property in Turkey, covering essential steps and providing valuable insights.

Finding the Right Property:

The first step in the process is to find the ideal property that suits your needs and budget. You can browse online listings, work with a reputable real estate agent, or visit Turkey to explore various properties in person. Ensure you research the location, local amenities, and future development plans to make an informed decision.

Appointing a Lawyer:

Once you have found the perfect property, it is highly recommended to appoint a local lawyer who is well-versed in Turkish property law. Your lawyer will help you navigate the legal process, verify the property's legal status, and protect your interests throughout the transaction.

Preliminary Sales Agreement:

After agreeing on the price with the seller, you will need to sign a preliminary sales agreement. This document outlines the property's details, the agreed-upon price, payment terms, and the completion date. It is essential to have your lawyer review the agreement before signing to ensure it accurately reflects the terms of the deal.

Obtaining a Tax Identification Number:

Before purchasing a property in Turkey, you will need to obtain a tax identification number (TIN) from the local tax office. This number is required for various financial transactions, including property purchases, and is relatively simple to obtain by presenting your passport and a copy of your visa or residence permit.

Opening a Turkish Bank Account:

Foreign buyers are required to open a Turkish bank account to transfer funds for the property purchase. You will need your TIN, passport, and proof of address to open an account with a local bank. Once the account is active, you can transfer the funds needed for the property purchase and associated expenses.

Conducting Due Diligence:

Your lawyer should conduct thorough due diligence on the property to ensure there are no legal issues or outstanding debts. This process includes verifying the property's title deed (TAPU), checking for any mortgages or liens, and ensuring the property complies with local zoning and building regulations.

Finalizing the Purchase at the Land Registry Office:

You and the seller will need to visit the local Land Registry Office to finalize the purchase. Your lawyer can represent you in this process by obtaining a power of attorney. The Land Registry Office will verify the property's details and confirm the payment of the required taxes and fees. You and the seller will then sign the official sales contract, and the property's TAPU will be transferred to your name.

Paying Taxes and Fees:

Several taxes and fees are associated with property purchases in Turkey, including the title deed transfer tax, stamp duty, and notary fees. These expenses usually amount to 4% of the property's value. Your lawyer can provide detailed information on the taxes and fees applicable to your purchase and ensure they are paid correctly.

Registering Utilities and Property Insurance:

Once the property is registered in your name, you will need to transfer the utilities, such as electricity, water, and gas, into your name. You should also consider purchasing property insurance to protect your investment against potential damages or losses.


Buying property in Turkey can be a seamless experience when you understand the legal process and work with a trusted lawyer to guide you through each step. By following the procedures outlined in this article, you can ensure a smooth and successful property transaction. Keep in mind the importance of due diligence, obtaining the necessary permits, and staying informed about taxes and fees associated with property purchases in Turkey. With careful planning and the right support, you will soon be enjoying your new property in this beautiful country.